Peace is the foremost human need for personal & social happiness & sustainability in every society. Peace has two parts- one, internal at personal or individual level and second, external at inter-personal or social level although both can affect each other. Internally, one can stay peaceful by adopting the practice of meditation, being closer to nature and pursuing one’s passions among other ways. Externally, peace is function of mutual harmony, non-violence, non-conflict, justice, equality across all inter-personal social relations.
Similarly, the internal & external energy & environment also determines the level of peace at any point of time & place. The presence of some person can either make a room warm or cool; stressful or peaceful. Every person holds energy vibes that can alter the state of environment around them. On the other hand, environment of a person also affects the energy vibes of a person. Hence, we feel peaceful around hills, sea, parks, temples and similar places of nature & religion. Thus, we can be peaceful by choosing & changing our energy & environment.
Peace at the societal level partly depends upon the state of economy- such as economic freedoms & fairness, economic growth & employment. However, it also partly depends on the political freedoms, state of democracy & corruption in the society. Finally, it also depends on the religious freedoms, religious tolerance and ensuring that religious practices functions within the boundary of moral universal human values.
If peace is the desired state of humans, then why humans engage in wars with each other? The history of humans teaches us that most wars have been fought for resources while some for justice. Indeed, accumulation of wealth and power were the primary drivers behind the war followed by welfare of people.
In the current world, economics of war is justified in the disguise of national security. Instead of giving primacy and promoting preventive positive measures of peace among people and nations, the proliferation of hi-tech arms & ammunition industry instead threatens to minimize the levels of peace for so long as arms are produced, so long they will be (mis) used. To extend & reverse the logic, wars are ‘manufactured’ and some people are killed or sacrificed so as to keep ‘weapon’ industry running for profit of some people. Moreover, if one individual or nation has a special weapon, another would also find the way to get it and then the former would try to build some new & more powerful followed by later and so on.
In an ideal highest peaceful world & society, no nation should have any nuclear weapon and perhaps no weapon at all for in the long run, we cannot induce & sustain peace by negative threat but instead by engaging in positive fair mutually prosperous sustainable partnerships.